Population: 75,507,308 (2013 estimate)
Location: Central Africa
Statistics on sexual violence
Further research (by coalition member, Tearfund) has shown that:
Conflict in the Democratic Republic of Congo
The war within the DRC has been compared to the Second World War and the holocaust (Turner, 2007:2), mainly because of the large number of deaths due to the war. Its death toll from 1997 to 2001 has been estimated at 3,8 million (Turner, 2007:2), although various estimates between 900,000 and 5.4 million have been offered (Butty, 2010).
In 1996 armed forces invaded the DRC via the province of South Kivu. While the invasion ostentatiously started as a local attempt to oust Hutu militias who had fled their after the Rwandan genocide, the invading group soon declared themselves the Alliance of Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Congo (AFDL) and continued to infiltrate the DRC. The AFDL included four groups that opposed the current Mobutu regime and one of their leaders was Laurent Kabila. Rwanda, it has been said, used these local groups “to provide a (Congolese) face for what was in fact an invasion” (Turner, 2007:4-5).
The AFDL was successful and in May 1997 Mobutu fled and Kabila became president. But quickly his relationship with his international and national support base deteriorated. Thus, in 1998, there was an attempt to overthrow Kabila, which led to a second war. In 2001 Kabila was assassinated and his son – Joseph – became president. He called for peace talks and 2002 a ceasefire agreement was signed by all parties involved in the war (Turner, 2007: 5-8).
Some see these two wars as civil wars; others see them as international wars because of Rwandan, Ugandan and other international involvement at various levels (Turner, 2007:8). The fact remains that the DRC is not yet at peace. Especially North and South Kivu have frequent outbreaks of fighting, with many different rebel groups still present and fighting within the region. The UN peacekeeping envoy, MANUC, is still present, although its withdrawal is planned.
While peace was officially declared in the DRC in 2002, fighting is still continuing.
What the church is doing?
Churches in Eastern DRC have been supporting survivors with care and support over the years, however often the churches themselves have little training and resources to offer substantial support.
In February 2013, a chapter of ‘We Will Speak Out’ will launch in DRC to bring together church leaders, relief agencies, NGOs and UN agencies to work together on a collective church response to sexual violence.
Plans are also underway to pilot a programme looking at the cultural and society ideas surrounding masculinity and how changes in this can prevent sexual violence and enable men and boys to speak out openly against sexual violence.
On 27th and 28th February 2014, a national ‘We Will Speak Out’ coalition was launched.
For more information click here.
An exhibition of photographs to make the Democratic Republic of Congo’s 50 years of independence, sharing the faces and words of women who have survived sexual violence. Published in August […]
A rape survivor from the Democratic Republic of Congo talks about her experience of being abducted, raped and impregnated by Rwandan soldiers, some of whom were infected with HIV. From […]
Chepka lives in a village in Eastern DRC. In 1994 rebels entered her village during the conflict. When the villagers saw them coming, all of them ran for their lives. […]
Breaking the silence of sexual violence in DRC
UK Foreign Office Minister launches coalition member’s PSVI funded project this week in Eastern DRC.
Why the faith community need to speak out about sexual violence
UN Report published – February 23, 2012